Monday, November 30, 2015

Bizarre Cities: 7 More Strange Urban Wonders of the World

A retirement community for circus freaks, a village of Chinese dwarves and a gated community for people who claim to speak to the dead are among the world’s weirdest settlements. These towns are intentional communities devoted to the strange and unusual.
Dwarf City: Mountain Home for Little People Only
Strangest Cities Dwarf Village 1

Strangest Cities Dwarf Village 2

Is an amusement park full of little people dressed up to amuse paying visitors exploitative?
Maybe. But the nearly 100 people who reside at Dwarf Empire have come from all over China for guaranteed housing and, reportedly, fair wages. They live and work in tiny castles, dress up as fairies and medieval soldiers and put on shows for hundreds of guests each day, and receive dance training and English lessons. The park owners hope that many more little people – who often have difficulty finding work in China, and end up living on the streets – will help the village expand to 800-1,000 residents in the near future.
Lily Dale: Gated Community for Spiritualists
Strangest Cities Lily Dale 1
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A group of spiritual mediums came together at the height of the spiritualist movement in the late 19th century to found their very own village, where only people who can read minds and communicate with spirits (and their families) could reside. Established in 1879 on the shady banks of a New York lake, the town of Lily Dale has been the setting for seances, ‘automatic messages’ that appeared on chalkboards and other such phenomena ever since. Visitors still flock to Lily Dale to talk to dead relatives or marvel at the gated-off ‘Inspiration Stump’ where mediums once called upon spirits to show themselves. Mediums who want to work in the town must pass three 30-minute test readings evaluated by officials of the Lily Dale Assembly.

Retirement Community for Carnies
Strangest Cities Gibsonton 1
Strangest Cities

Where do carnival workers go when they’re not on the road? Many live in ordinary houses in ordinary towns just like anyone else, but in the mid-20th century, some sought a refuge where they could get away from the civilians who gawk at the unusual physical features that drew them to become a part of the carnival life. Gibsonton, Florida was a small town of fishermen and lumber workers before carnival legends like Al “The Giant” Tomiani (who was 7’11” tall) and his wife Jeanie “The Half-Woman” (2’6″ tall) bought property there. The town ultimately drew many more so-called ‘circus freaks,’ including Grady Stiles Jr., known as Lobster Boy for his claw-like hands, whose infamy was enhanced by the fact that he murdered his daughter’s fiance on the night before their wedding and was subsequently murdered in a hit taken out by his ex-wife and stepson. The town has a museum-like meeting hall with old photos of the carnivals and their stars, and features its own retirement village.

No Laws, No Utilities: Slab City, CA
Strangest Cities Slab 1
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An unforgiving stretch of the Colorado Desert near an active bombing range in southeastern California is the unlikely location for a lawless ‘alternative living community’. Slab City started as Camp Dunlop, a World War II training ground preparing United States Marines for combat duty. The camp was abandoned after the war, but a handful of chemical company workers set up trailers there in the early 1960s, and when Riverside County ordered people to leave a camping area at nearby Painted Canyon, the community grew. Today, it’s half squatter haven, half off-grid experiment, taking up some 600 acres. Home to RVs, trailers, vans, campers and shacks, the “Last Free Place in America” is home to anywhere from several hundred to a few thousand people depending on the time of year (only the hardiest can withstand the summers.) The state of California generally turns a blind eye to the community despite issues with trash and human waste. Slab City’s entrance is marked by ‘Salvation Mountain,’ a colorful hill covered in bible quotes.

Chess City: Elista, Russia
Strangest Cities Chess 2

When the president of a Russian state is also the leader of the World Chess Federation, perhaps it’s not too surprising that the capital of that state became known the world over as ‘Chess City’ (photo via unknown buddhist.) Elista, located in the southern state of Kalmykia, contains what can only be described as a temple to the game of chess – but that temple, the City Chess complex, is now decaying as the city faces hard times. Most of the state’s residents live in extreme poverty while some $30 to $50 million was spent on what opponents have described as the president’s fantasies. The central Chess Palace is full of models for grand visions of buildings that were never constructed; plastered with pictures of Steven Seagal and Chuck Norris, the complex is most often used as a wedding venue for middle-class residents. Two giant wooden chess sets on marble boards still stand as a reminder of the president’s dream.

Coober Pedy Opal Mine Town, Australia
Strangest Cities Coober Pedy 1
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Strangest Cities Coober Pedy 3
Nearly 2,000 people live in underground caves known as ‘dugouts’ in northern Australia, typically working underground as well in adjacent opal mines. Established in 1915, the almost entirely subterranean town of Coober Pedy (images via Rob Chandler and Werner Bayer) is known as the opal capital of the world with over 70 opal fields. Not only did digging out underground residences just make sense because of the mining connection, but these cave homes are also a cool refuge from the punishing daytime heat. The town includes underground graveyards, churches and shops.

Underground Utopia: Federation of Damanhur
Strangest Cities Damanhur

You’d’ never guess that far below a modest home in the northern Alps of Italy lies a vast, intricately decorated system of temples home to devotees of ‘Damanhur,’ an eco-society dedicated to art and spirituality. The Temples of Humankind were painstakingly constructed in secret starting in the 1970s and filled with dazzling murals and stained glass. 57 years old at the time, former insurance broker Oberto Airaudi was consumed with making the visions he’d had since he was a boy into reality. More and more friends joined him in his quest until he built an army of volunteers from around the world. The Italian government finally caught wind of the project and seized the property, but ultimately gave Airaudi and his supporters retroactive permission to build the complex. While the 600 citizens of the Federation of Damanhur don’t actually live in these temples, they do worship there, and the subterranean structure is open to visitors.


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